neck - the long part. hahaha
fretboard - board that sits on the neck and houses the frets. usually made of a hard wood like rosewood, ebony, or maple.
nut - raised section at end of neck and start of headstock which positions the strings at that point. usually made of a special plastic or wood. may even be made of ivory or bone.
saddle - raised section that sits on the bridge that positions strings at that point. usually made of the same material as the nut.
bridge - structure attached to the soundboard that anchors the strings and houses the saddle.
active pickup - like the above, but is powered by an on-board battery that serves as a pre-amp, allowing for more detailed equalizer adjustments
action - refers to the distance the strings are from the fretboard. the actual distance preferred will usually come down to the individual's taste.
intonation - The instrument's ability to accurately produce the proper note at a given fret position.
scale - in reference to the size, it is the distance from the nut to the saddle.
U.A.S n. Ukulele Acquisition Syndrome: syndrome in which ukulele enthusiast has steady desire to acquire new and or used ukuleles at all times of the day. Presently, there is no known cure.
NUT (alt.): The person holding the ukulele.
See this post regarding tonewoods . . .This is a great idea. I'm already learning lots since I always gets the nut and the saddle confused. Thanks!
Not much help here, but I love the idea of having a section on the different woods and their qualities (and similarly, different brands of strings and their qualities). It will help immensely whenever that UAS flares up. And the inclusion of a verb section would be awesome too.
Excerpt from Fret Not Guitar Repair . . .Can there be more elaboration on the term 'action'? Even though it's a personal preference, it would be nice to know what a normal/typical action is, and/or what the qualities of the different distances are, and how it affects the playing.
Thanks again, and sorry about not knowing enough to contribute to this glossary!
Adjust Action (Set-up) The term "action" basically refers to the way an instrument is adjusted and how well it plays. Action adjustments are made to improve the feel of the instrument, decrease pressure on your fingertips which can be severe when the action is too high, avoid buzzing and generally just get the best sound out of an instrument. Most instruments are set-up at the factory with higher action then necessary. High action on a brand new instrument may be the result of settling (all that tension on a newly built instrument is bound to change it's shape a bit), a change in it's environment (factories assemble instruments under closely controlled temperatures and humidity) or simply because many factories agree that it's easier to drop the action than it is to raise it. Raising action can require replacement of the nut and saddle, a more costly undertaking than merely cutting them both lower.